Obesity is a very high fat deposition in the body so as to make the weight is outside the ideal limit.
A number of complications can arise due to obesity, even some of which endanger life. Some examples of serious complications include stroke, coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, colon cancer, and breast cancer.
In addition to leading to a number of physical health problems, obesity can also cause psychological problems, such as stress, and depression. This psychological problem arises because it usually starts from the self-confidence of obese people who experience changes in body shape.
Obesity and overweight are two different concepts. Overweight or fat is a condition in which there is excess weight gain. However, weight gain is not only caused by excess fat, but can also be caused by muscle mass or fluid in the body. These conditions can have harmful effects on health.
Everyone can be overweight if they do not keep their diet and do enough exercise. Obesity is usually suffered by people with administrative or office work. You can keep yourself from obesity by reducing risk factors.
Both overweight and obesity, indicate the presence of excess fat in the body. Overweight and obesity is used to identify those at high risk for experiencing health problems resulting from excess body fat levels. Overweight and obesity are usually measured using BMI or Body Mass Index. Calculation of body mass index using weight and height. The trick is to divide your weight in kilograms with the result of the square of your height in meters. For example, if you weigh 60 kg and your height is 1.7 meters then the count is 60 / 1.7 x 1.7 so the result is 20.76.
Body Mass Index (BMI) is then used to determine whether you include fat or obesity. The division of body mass index is as follows:
< 18.5 is a thin or underweight category. 18.5 to < 25 including the normal category. 25 to < 30 are in the category of excess weight or fat. > 30 belongs to the category of obesity.
Obesity is then subdivided into:
Class 1 obesity: body mass index between 30 to < 35 Class 2 obesity: body mass index between 35 and < 40 Class 3 obesity; body mass index above the number 40. Obesity is usually called also extreme obesity or severe obesity.Measurements that produce overweight and obesity are usually done using body mass index. In each individual, the body mass index is one of the best screening tools to detect nutritional status, but can not be used to determine the total amount of fat in the body or state the health status of a person. Therefore, health practitioners are advised to conduct further examination if you want to diagnose a person’s health status or risk of certain diseases.